A tapestry of participation: revisiting Arnstein’s ladder

Most of us who work in the field of placemaking are familiar with Sherry Arnstein’s Ladder of Citizen Participation, which […]

Sophia de Sousa

Posted on May 10, 2021

How do we progress participation in architecture? Beyond Participation #2

Introducing the Irish Architecture Foundation’s second international conference on participation (Beyond Participation #2), programme curator Tara Kennedy declared that “participation […]

Louise Dredge

Posted on May 29, 2018